Longley’s trial was set for Sept. 3, 1877, in a temporary courthouse in Giddings. The trial only took one day and the jury took only one hour to return a verdict of guilty of murder in the first degree. It was a death sentence for Longley.
The impact of his behavior on his parents, who did not attend the trial or visit him in jail, weighed heavily on him. He wrote many letters, many of which were becoming more religious in nature. He wrote about how he had wasted his life on whiskey, gambling and killing. He became enraged that he was going to be hanged when Hardin had received only a 25 year sentence for all his killings.